LLUCMAJOR

    Cardenal Rossell nº 103, bajos
    07620 - Llucmajor
    Tel/Fax: 971 661 378
    Urgencias: 971 661 378

    NOVELTY

    ALGAIDA

    MONTUÏRI

    Our new service MUTUAVET.

    Carrer del Rei, 5
    07210 Algaida
    Tel/fax: 971.66.59.22
    Urgències: 971.66.13.78

    Camí de Ca’n Tamos, s/n
    07230 Montuïri
    Tel/fax: 971.646.649
    Urgències: 971.66.13.78


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    Veterinaris Montuiri - ca hospitalitzat

    Boby is an 8 years old dog that was presented at the Hospital one night with abdominal pain and weakness, he had his diner as usual but after a while the owners noticed that he was walking shrunk and didn’t want to get up and took him to the Hospital.

    In the physical exam his pulse was weak and had pale mucous membranes indicating that the animal was in shock, abdominal pain and a possible abdominal mass was detected. Carry on with the examination we detected only one testicle in the scrotum. According to the owners, since he was born Boby had only one testicle.

    Veterinaris Montuiri - alta

    With these findings we suspected that the mass felt in the abdomen could be the other testicle, so we performed blood test, an ultrasound and abdominal radiographs.On ultrasound we confirmed the presence of a mass compatible with the testicle that had an  altered structure and it was also twisted, ie he had turned on itself and blood vessels were occluded, this caused pain and shock in Boby . In the blood test there was mild anemia, but kidney and liver function was normal, so we hospitalise Boby to stabilize him and to be operate on a few hours later.

    During the surgery, the testicle in the abdomen was removed, it was actually twisted. The testicle was larger than normal and the structure was altered by a tumor. The testicle was sent for biopsy and the result was Sertoli cell tumor or sertolinoma.

    Boby was in the hospital  two days more and then was able to go home. After 10 days he returned to the clinic for the last check up and remove the stitches.

    Veterinaris Montuiri - tumor testicular

    Testicular tumors are fairly common in dogs of certain age and are more common in cryptorchid testes, cryptorchid are those testes that have not descended into the scrotum and are in the inginal area or even in the abdomen. There are three types of testicular tumors: Sertoli cell tumors, seminomas and Leydig cell tumors, different tumors often occur in the same testicle. The Sertoli cell tumors secrete estrogen, which can cause anemia and feminization (breast enlargement, alopecia, attracting other males, prostate problems). Only 15% of Sertoli cell tumors metastasize, so most dogs are cured removing the testes.

    Testicular torsion is a infrequent process and has no clear cause, it can be given in testicles in the scrotum but is more common in intra-abdominal testicles with tumors. The most common symptoms are abdominal pain, weakness, swelling of the scrotum, bloody urine, lameness and shock. In the case of Boby the most likely cause was the increase in testis size due to the tumor.

    Veterinaris Montuiri - massa abdominal

    As we have seen, it is very common that  undescended testes end up developing tumors. Therefore it is very important to identify which animals are monorchid (an undescended testicle) or cryptorchid (both undescended testicles) so they are up to 20 times more likely than normal dogs for developing tumors or other problems such as testicular torsion, which can have life-threatening complications for the animal.

    The easiest way to prevent these diseases is castration, so also prevents these dogs reproduce, as cryptorchidism is genetically transmitted, and prevent other diseases such as prostate problems.

    Boby’s history had a happy ending because the owners realized the seriousness of the process and rushed to hospital.

    This month take advantage of our sterilization campaign to neuter your dog or cat and thus avoid testicular and prostate disorders and behavior problems such as marking, aggression, escapes. Come to Veterinaris Montuïri and we will recommend you the best for your pet.

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    Laura Gomila.


     

    Veterinaris Montuiri - DEWORMING

    To not neglect the deworming of our pets is perhaps important to remember the conditions that can cause internal parasites to our pets and know the different antiparasitic treatments we can use.

    Most important internal parasites for our pets, called endoparasites, are the helminths, better known as roundworms and tapeworms that affect both intestins and cardiopulmonary system. Besides these, we must not forget other agents such as giardia and protozoa, parasites that also affect the gastrointestinal tract, but smaller and not discernible to the naked eye.

    Helminths (both tapeworms and roundworms) most significant are: Toxocara canis (dog) and Toxocara cati (cat), Ancylostoma caninum (dog) and Ancylostoma tubaeforme (cat), Dirofilaria immitis (dog and cat), Dipylidium caninum (dog and cat), Echinococcus granulosus (dog) and Echinococcus multilocularis (cat), Toxoplasma gondii (cat), Taenia sp. (Cat and Dog), Toxascaris leonina (dog and cat), Hairworm plica (cat) and Trichuris vulpis (dog).

    Veterinaris Montuiri - PUPPY DEWORMING

    The transmission of each parasite may be different, and their life cycle varies more or less according to the parasite, but in general, all pass through the stages of eggs, noninfective and infective larvae, and adult stage.

    Infective forms are often the larvae and these tend to be eliminated at environment through animal feaces, then when an animal comes into contact with these feaces, ingests the infective form (larva) and it develops inside his body to the adult form . Another way of transmission to keep in mind is the transplacental route and galactogenic route (through mother's milk to puppies). A pregnant female can transmit these parasites to their fetuses and so the puppies are born already infected. We dewormed the mother during pregnancy to reduce the parasite load of puppies, because the consequences can be deadly because of their vulnerability, and deworming the puppies once they reach the proper age for the use of antiparasitic treatment. In this case, the treatment of choice is Panacur. The active substance is fenbendazole, and is effective against most intestinal worms, as well as for giardia. Treatment consists of three doses of  anti-parasite syrup, one per day, on three consecutive days for puppies and adults, in pregnant females the pattern varies from day 40 of gestation until 2 days postpartum.

    Veterinaris Montuiri - deworming treatment


    Some parasites may encyst in different organs and remain dormant without giving problems, and there are others who stay in the digestive tract of the animal and can express different symptoms, from diarrhea, weight loss, acute abdomen (swollen), anemia. Cardiopulmonary migrations, as the name suggests, give breathing signs of fatigue, weight loss, etc.

    We must take into account a third way of infection related with intermediate hosts. What is this? Some parasites, to complete its life cycle and reach the adult form, need to go through the agency of other hosts who are not definitive as in the case of our dogs and cats. These hosts can be worms, rodents, birds, snails, etc. Then it will be ingesting these animals when our pets get infected. Hence in the case of hunting dogs  or outdoor animals worming is recommended more frequently.

    Also keep in mind that some of them can infect people who come into contact, children being the most sensitive, transmission occurs by direct contact with contaminated surfaces or with the same animal. Therefore it is also very important to deworm our pets.

    There is a wide variety of products  to treat our pets against internal parasites, even some of them combine both internal with external treatment.

    MILBEMAX: Today is the treatment of choice for our dogs and cats. Milbemax gives us wide protection against the most common helminths can infest our pets. The recommended dosing schedule is a unique dose every three months. For hunting dogs may be recommended a monthly deworming. In cats the pattern is the same.

    PROFENDER SPOT-ON: In the case of cats where the complication of using pills often make treatments impossible we have the option of internal deworming with Profender spot-on. It is applied to the skin between the two scapulae as a conventional spot-on so that the animal can not lick.

    BROADLINE: The broadline is one of the latest generation antiparasitic we find the combination of internal and external treatment in one product. It is applied on the skin, as classical spot-on, but the packaging is different, as a syringe. It is applied on the skin between the two shoulder blades and become useful both for deworming and protecting against fleas and ticks. Each spot-on has a monthly effectiveness.

    Do not hesitate to visit us and we will answer any questions to help you choose the treatment method that best suits you and your pet! See you soon!


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    Marta Pascual.
     
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